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Eight things you may not know about the Faroe Islands

On the green list and with direct flights from Edinburgh starting in July, the dramatic archipelago is again on the tourist radar

Sounds like Icelandic

The Faroese language is close to Icelandic, with its own alphabet of 29 letters including the slightly confusing ð (edd), which is almost always silent but occurs in many words. Watch out for words beginning with “hv”, which sounds more like “kv”, and “sk” which is more like “sh”. Oh, and there are three genders and four cases, so for English speakers the grammar can be challenging.

Visitor numbers are rising

Sørvágsvatn – the hanging lake on Vágar island
Sørvágsvatn – the hanging lake on Vágar island Photograph: Alamy

The Faroese name for the archipelago is Føroyar, from the Old Norse for sheep – fær and oyar (islands). It’s pronounced a bit like furr-ee-yar. The islands may be a self-governing nation within the Danish kingdom, but the islanders don’t consider themselves Danish. Of 18 major islands, 17 are inhabited. Tourism has doubled in the past five years, and Instagram has made some sites famous – like Sørvágsvatn, the lake that seems suspended above the ocean; and Múlafossur, a waterfall that spouts into the sea. Both are on Vágar and within a 15-minute drive of the airport. As the raven flies, the islands are 209 miles from Shetland. The national airline is Atlantic Airways and in July it will recommence twice-weekly flights from Edinburgh. Currently, access is via Copenhagen.

Pack a raincoat (but not an umbrella)

Faroe Islands rainy day
 Photograph: Roman Huber

Rain is expected somewhere in the islands 300 days a year and totals about 1,300mm (52 inches). The temperature doesn’t drop much below zero in winter, but doesn’t usually get much above 16C in summer, although you can be lucky if the wind drops. On Boxing Day 2016 a hurricane registered gusts of 176 miles an hour – one of the highest speeds ever recorded in Europe. Summer days are very long, and everyone likes to party.

A wartime pal of Britain

A British naval gun from the second world war on Streymoy.
A British naval gun from the second world war on Streymoy. Photograph: Murdo MacLeod/The Guardian

During the second world war, the Faroes were occupied by British troops, who introduced Cadbury’s chocolate, Typhoo Tea and Viscount biscuits, which remain favourites to this day. About 180 Faroese women married the mainly Scottish servicemen. Also during the war, Faroese boats supplied significant quantities of fish to British ports, a dangerous exploit. In 1940 Winston Churchill recognised the Faroese flag, which had been banned by Denmark, and after the war it became the official symbol of the islands.

It’s ‘big’ in football and science

The Faroe Islands take on Scotland at home at the Svangaskard Stadium in 2008.
The Faroe Islands take on Scotland at home at the Svangaskard Stadium in 2008. Photograph: Andrew Milligan/PA

The country’s small size means the Faroese rank at the top of some interesting tables. They have one Nobel prize winner – Niels Ryberg Finsen (medicine, 1903, for his work on light therapy for skin diseases) – which means the country has the highest number of Nobel winners per capita in the world. The same statistical trickery means Faroes has the highest number of Fifa points per capita (416) even though the men’s team is 113th and the women’s 93rd on Fifa world rankings. The men famously beat Greece twice in the Euro 2016 qualifiers – two of the biggest upsets ever in Fifa-ranked matches since Greece were ranked 18th and the Faroes then 187th. They’ve also beaten Canada, Malta, Moldova, Estonia and Austria and have drawn against Northern Ireland, Hungary and Scotland.

There’s a roundabout under the sea

The new Eysturoy-Streymoy tunnel.
The new Eysturoy-Streymoy tunnel. Photograph: faroephoto.com

In 2020 an 11km undersea tunnel was completed, linking the large islands of Eysturoy and Streymoy, and incorporating the first roundabout built beneath the North Atlantic. This is the longest of 14 tunnels through mountains and under water that allow easy communication across the archipelago. Wifi is available in the tunnels, and even small villages have faster connections than most of London.

Meaty matters

Sheep at sunset on west coast of Streymoy island
Sheep are a major resource for food and clothing in the islands. Photograph: Alessio Mesiano

The islands’s unique climate has allowed a very particular food culture to develop. Although it’s wet and windy, the archipelago is warmed by the Gulf Stream and doesn’t get much snow. Meat – mostly lamb – is air dried, and undergoes a long fermentation process in sheds with louvred walls that allow the wind to whip through. The taste is quite “cheesy” but you must never describe it as “rotten”. After a few months it goes very dark, and develops an attractive bacterial bloom. It’s called skerpikjøt (sounds like “shush-per-jot”) and has a unique umami flavour. One local chef, Poul Andrias Ziska, has been awarded two Michelin stars for his modern interpretations of traditional ingredients at Koks restaurant.

Ripping yarns

Faroes jumpers, wool
Jumper sales are consistently strong in the Faroes. Photograph: None/NONE

If you want to blend in, buy a jumper. There are officially more than 300 names for Faroese fleece patterns, and the animals may be white, black or “red” (really, a rich brown). The wool is very high in lanolin, making it ideal protection for those windy mountainsides. Faroese socks were favourites with Napoleonic soldiers. The sheep get everywhere, and the oldest existing document in the Faroes is the Sheep Letter – a set of laws and rules about sheep farming written in 1298.

The love of live music

Campers at 2017’s G! Festival.
Campers at 2017’s G! Festival. Photograph: Alessio Mesiano

The Faroes have a very lively music scene and the G! Festival attracts international artists to perform on the beach at Gøta, on Eysturoy. Anything goes: contemporary folk, rap, Viking metal, techno and soul are all popular. Traditional ballads – kvædi – are an ancient art form and provide the rhythm for the national “chain dance”. At National Day celebrations in July, up to 2,000 people will link arms to dance together. It’s typical of the Faroes’ community spirit.

www.theguardian.com

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